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Putting Your Feet First: Foot Care Quiz for People with Diabetes

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Do you think you're a foot care whiz? Take this quick quiz to assess your knowledge and maybe learn a tip or two. The quiz contains 10 questions and should take no more than 10 minutes to complete. For each question, simply choose the answer you think is correct.  Good luck!


Question 1 (Risks):

Correct Answer: A

Having high blood sugar levels over time can harm the nerves that go to the arms, hands, legs, and feet. This is called neuropathy. It can make it harder to feel a foot injury, such as a blister or cut, and also can take longer for these injuries to heal. If the injury isn’t taken care of, it can become infected and might lead to more serious damage. This is why foot care is so important if you have diabetes.

 


Question 2 (Symptoms):

Correct Answer: D

Visit your healthcare professional as soon as possible if you have diabetes and your feet feel numb, painful, or tingling. These are all symptoms that could be caused by neuropathy.

 


Question 3 (Prevention):

Correct Answer: D

All of these strategies are great tips to help you prevent neuropathy:
Keep good blood sugar control. Together with your healthcare professional, you should set blood sugar targets, make a treatment plan, and discuss your daily routine.
Go over your foot care with your healthcare team. They should check your feet on a regular basis and can also tell you more about how to care for your feet at home.
Wear shoes that fit well. Your shoes should be supportive, have low heels (less than five centimetres high), and should not rub or pinch. Wearing flip flops or going barefoot, even in the house, is not recommended as this doesn’t protect your feet. Shop at a good shoe store with staff who are trained to professionally fit your shoes.
Contact your healthcare professional to refer you to resources that will help you to quit if you are currently smoking.

 


 

Question 4 (Routine):

Correct Answer: C

Protect your feet every day if you have diabetes. It only takes a few minutes to do a quick foot care routine. Have your healthcare professional check your feet AT LEAST one to two times per year, or more if they suggest it.

 


Question 5 (Foot Care Kit):

Correct Answer: A

Have these tools at the ready to make it easier to follow your daily foot care routine. Your tool kit items can help you with different foot care tasks:
1. Nail clippers: These will help you keep your toe nails trimmed. But be careful not to cut your toe nails too short.
2. Nail file: This will help you file away any sharp edges on your nails.
3. Lotion: This will be used to keep your heels and soles well moisturized and can help prevent cracks. Wipe off any lotion that is not absorbed. Don’t put lotion between your toes because it can cause infection.
4. Non-breakable hand mirror: This can help you check the bottom of your feet to make sure there are no cuts, cracks, blisters, etc.

 


Question 6 (Washing):

Correct Answer: B

Wash your feet daily in warm (not hot) water, using a mild soap. Test how hot the water is using your arm (not your foot) before entering the water. Using very hot water, soaking your feet, or using harsh soaps can dry out your feet, making them more likely to develop cuts or cracks.

 


Question 7 (Shoe fitting):

Correct Answer: D

Buy shoes that:
•    Are made out of breathable material (e.g. leather)
•    Fit well
•    Have a firm heel
•    Have Velcro or shoelaces
•    Have good shock absorption
•    Are not able to bend or twist
•    Have no seams in the toe box (the part that covers the top of your toes)

 


Question 8 (Socks):

Correct Answer: C

Wear white socks because if you have a cut or sore the drainage will be easy to see. You should also wear fresh clean socks and well-fitting shoes every day. It’s very important that your socks are the right size for you and that they’re not too tight around your leg.

 


Question 9 (Cuts & Scratches):

Correct Answer: A

Clean a cut or scratch with mild soap and water, and cover it with a dry dressing that’s good for sensitive skin. This can help heal the wound and prevent infection. For more serious cuts or scratches, or if your cut or scratch gets worse, it is important to see your healthcare professional.

 


Question 10 (When to see a healthcare professional):

Correct Answer: D

While a minor cut or scratch can be treated at home by cleaning it with mild soap and water and covering it with a dry dressing, many other changes in your foot health should be discussed with a healthcare professional. For example:
•    Corns (thick or hard skin on your toes)
•    Calluses (thick skin on bottom of your feet)
•    In-grown toenails
•    Thickened or discoloured toenails
•    Warts
•    Slivers

If you have any of these changes to your feet, you should have them treated by your doctor or a foot care specialist (such as a podiatrist, chiropodist or experienced foot care nurse). Do not try to treat them yourself.

 


Final Score: 0 / 10